The syllabus will be a work in progress. Please check often for a new updated version.
Period 2: Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies, c. 600 BCE to 600
Key Concept 2.1: As states and empires increased in size and contacts between regions intensified, human communities transformed their religious and ideological beliefs and practices.
Part I: Codifications and developments of existing religious traditions
provided a bond among the people and an ethical code to live by.
Pgs: 77-78, 202-203, 206-207
Key Terms: caste system, Greek traditions and society, Greek Deities
Part II: New belief systems and cultural traditions emerged and spread, often
asserting universal truths.
Pgs: 80-84, 128-129, 150-155, 178-185, 37-38, 226-229
Key Terms: Aryan gods, Upanishads, Brahman, samsara, karma, Vedic Society,
Confucius, Analects, filial piety, Mencius, Xunzi, Daoism, Laozi,
dao, Legalism, Shang Yang, Han Feizi, Legalist Doctrine, Jainism,
ahimsa, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddhism, Mahayana
Buddhism, Bodhisattvas, Hinduism, Vishnu, Bhagavad Gita,
dharma, artha, kama, moksha, Judaism, Abraham, Twelve Tribes of
Israel, Moses, monotheism, Yahweh, Essenes, Jesus of Nazareth,
Paul of Tarsus, early Christianity
Part III: Belief systems generally reinforced existing social structures while also offering new roles and status to some men and women.
Read: Pgs: 162, 229
Key Terms: Lessons for Women, Ban Zhao, women and Christianity
Part V: Artistic expressions, including literature and drama, architecture and
sculpture, show distinctive cultural developments.
Read: Pgs: 111, 112, 115, 197, 207, 204-206, 222, 223
Key Terms: Teotihuacan, Chichén Itzá, Hellenistic Philosophers: Socrates,
Plato, Aristotle, Homer, Roman aqueducts
Key Concept 2.2: As the early states and empires grew in number, size, and population, they frequently competed for resources and came into conflict with one another.
Part I: The number and size of key states and empires grew dramatically as rulers imposed political unity on areas where previously there had been competing states.
Pgs: 111-116, 118, 128-129, 156-162, 188-193, 194, 196, 211-215,
Terms: The Maya, Teotihuacan, Tikal, Chichén Itzá, Maya religion,
calendar, writing, Popol Vuh, bloodletting rituals, ball game,
Mochica, Qin Dynasty, Qin Shihuangdi, Xianyang, burning of books,
centralization of gov’t, standardized script, terra-cotta army, Liu
Bang, Han Wudi, Han bureaucracy, Xiongnu, Minoan Society, Knosses,
Mycenaean Society, polis, Sparta, Spartan Society, Athens, Athenian
Society, Pericles, Persian Wars, The Peloponnesian War, Patricians,
Plebeians, representative republic
Part II: Empires and states developed new techniques of imperial administration
based, in part, on the success of earlier political forms.
Key Terms: civil service system in China, Persian Empire, satrapies, Lydians,
Key Concept 2.3: Emergence of Transregional Networks of Communication
Part I: Land and water routes created transregional trade, communication, and
exchange networks in the Eastern Hemisphere, while separate networks
connected the peoples and societies of the Americas somewhat later.
Read: Pgs: 118, 194, 195
Key Terms: Early Andean States, Greek colonization,
Part II: New technologies facilitated long-distance communication and exchange.
Read: Pgs: 235, 270, 271
Key Terms: trade in the Hellenistic world, overland trade, camels and caravans,
Part III: Alongside the trade in goods, the exchange of people, technology, religious
and cultural beliefs, food crops, domesticated animals, and disease
pathogens developed across far-flung networks of communication and
Read: Pgs: 236-244
Key Terms: Silk Roads and other trade routes
Define the following words:
There will be a vocabulary quiz on the day you return to class.
AP World History
SAQs for Periods 1 & 2
1. The Neolithic Revolution has been seen by many historians as the biggest cause of the early advent of civilizations.
a) Identify and explain ONE argument that supports the assertion above.
b) Identify and explain ONE argument that refutes (disproves) the assertion above.
c) Explain which is more useful, (a) or (b), in evaluating the assertion above.
2. Answer parts A and B
A. Analyze ONE reason why the Mandate of Heaven was developed by the Zhou dynasty in China.
B. Identify and explain ONE similarity and ONE difference between the power of Chinese rulers under the mandate and the power of the Egyptian pharaoh.
3. Use your knowledge of world history to answer all parts of the question that follows:
Identify and explain THREE specific ways in which the Romans assimilated Greek culture during the period 100 BCE to 600 CE.
4. Answer parts A, B, and C:
A. Identify and explain ONE example of a similarity between classical Greek and classical Roman
B. Identify and briefly explain ONE example of a similarity between classical Greek and classical
C. Identify and briefly explain ONE example of a similarity between classical Greek and classical
5. “Although it [adultery] is established by the contents of certain documents that you [a man] are consumed with the lust of immoderate desire, still, as it has been ascertained that you confined yourself to female slaves, and did not have intercourse with free women, it is clear that by a sentence of this kind your reputation suffers, rather than that you became infamous.”
Roman Laws, 291 CE
“If any woman is discovered to have a clandestine love affair with her slave, she shall be subject to the capital sentence [executed], and the rascally slave shall be delivered to the flames. All persons shall have the right to bring on accusation of this public crime.”
Roman Laws, 326 CE
Answer parts A, B, and C:
A. Briefly explain ONE similarity between Roman law as identified above and Hammurabi’s Code.
B. Briefly explain ONE way the contents of the above passages demonstrate Roman society as patriarchal.
C. Identify and explain ONE example of how Roman women gained more rights as the civilization evolved from a republic to an empire.