The syllabus will be a work in progress. Please check often for a new updated version.
Test dates for Period 4: Key Concept 4.1: Monday, January 8 (B-day) and Tuesday, January 9 (A-day)
Period 4: Global Interactions, c. 1450 to c. 1750
Key Concept 4.1: Globalizing Networks of Communication and Exchange
Part I: In the context of the new global circulation of goods, there was an intensification of all existing regional trade networks that brought prosperity and economic disruption to the merchants and governments in the trading regions of the Indian Ocean, Mediterranean, Sahara, and overland Eurasia.
Pgs: 462-463, 476-478
Key Terms: Portuguese Trading Posts, English and Dutch Trading Posts;
Part II: European technological developments in cartography and navigation built on previous knowledge developed in the classical, Islamic, and Asian worlds, and included the production of new tools (such as the astrolabe or revised maps), innovations in ship designs (such as caravels), and an improved understanding of global wind and currents patterns—all of which made transoceanic travel and trade
possible. Pgs: 468-469 Key Terms: The Technology of Exploration: Ships, sails, navigational instruments, knowledge of winds and currents, volta do mar
Part III: Remarkable new transoceanic maritime reconnaissance occurred in this period. Pgs: 465-468; 470-475, 541-545, 580
Key Terms: Vasco da Gama’s Spicy Voyage, Portuguese exploration, the lure of trade, missionary efforts; Prince Henry of Portugal, Vasco da Gama, Christopher Columbus, Ferdinand Magellan, the Circumnavigation, primary source reading, exploration of the Pacific, Captain James Cook; Europeans in the Pacific: Australia, Dutch Exploration, British Colonists, Spanish in the Pacific, Guam, Cook and Hawai’I; Chinese trade.
Wednesday, 13 December and Thursday, 14 December
Part IV: The new global circulation of goods was facilitated by royal chartered European monopoly companies that took silver from Spanish colonies in the Americas to purchase Asian goods for the Atlantic markets, but regional markets
continued to flourish in Afro-Eurasia by using established commercial practices and new transoceanic shipping services developed by European merchants.
Pgs: 476-480, 488-489, 510-511
Key Terms: Portuguese Trading Posts, Afonso d’Alboquerque, English and Dutch Trading Posts, trading companies, Conquest of: Manila, Philippines, and Java; the origins and environmental effects of global trade; joint-stock companies, putting-out system;
Part V: The new connections between the Eastern and Western hemispheres resulted in the Columbian Exchange.
Pgs: 486-489 Key Terms: The Columbian Exchange, Biological Exchanges, Epidemic Diseases, Food Crops and Animals, American Crops
Friday, 15 December and Monday, 18 December
Part VI: The increase in interactions between newly connected hemispheres and intensification of connections within hemispheres expanded the spread and reform of existing religions and created syncretic belief systems and practices.
Pgs: 451, 494-496, 539-541, 556, 588, 605, 606
Key Terms: the Humanists, Desiderius Erasmus, Petrarch; Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther, reform in Switzerland and England, John Calvin, The Catholic or Counter Reformation, The Council of Trent, Ignatius Loyola, The Society of Jesus
Part VII: As merchants’ profits increased and governments collected more taxes, funding for the visual and performing arts, even for popular audiences, increased. Pgs. 451, 585-586, 588-590
Key Terms: Renaissance Art and Architecture (make notes on artists and architects); The Tokugawa Shogunate; Neo-Confucianism and Floating Worlds